Brutalism is an architectural movement born in the twentieth century and spread in the following years in most of Europe. It originated from some works of the famous French architect Le Corbusier, who wanted to break with the simplicity and purity that characterized the architecture of the 1940s to create a new, plastic and imposing architecture.
This architectural style focused in particular on the use of a specific material: concrete, which took organic and daring forms; this material was able to convey to the structure strength and solidity. Hence the French expression béton brut which symbolized simple usage of raw concrete or an architecture with monumental forms, bold volumes and rough surfaces. The term Brutalism was officially invented by the English critic and historian Reyner Banham, in his 1966 book New Brutalism: Ethic or Aesthetic, in which he described the works of young European architects who at that time gave life to innovative and never seen before architectures. Through this style numerous educational, administrative, religious and residential buildings were created between the 1950s and 1970s.
In Eastern Europe there are numerous buildings presenting this style, now we will focus on five examples to better understand the common ground despite the territorial, cultural and designer differences that created them. To understand their value, it is also important to remember that after the fall of the Soviet Union these buildings faced some additional challenges related to a lack of appreciation or acceptance by people because of their association with a period of time and a political system many want to forget.
Here’s our top 5!